09 December, 2018

Well as a Discourse Marker

'Well' is used as an adjective, adverb and noun as well.  In this post, we are going to learn 'Well' as a discourse marker.  We have previously discussed discourse marker.  To understand discourse marker thoroughly, click on Expressions.

1. 'Well' is used at the beginning of a sentence to show that speaker is taking time to think about the question that has been asked to him.  To understand it, let's take an example.

Mike: Could you tell me something about discourse marker ?
Tom:Well, discourse marker. I can tell you about discourse marker but I need some time.

Mahesh: Could you tell me from when exams are going to start ?
Rakhi: Well, exams could start from this Mondya.

2. We use 'well' when we are trying to change our statement or what we have already said.  In short, to say the same statement again in another way with some changes, 'well' is used.

Mukesh: For how long time have you been looking for job ?
Rakesh: Well, I have been seeking a job for a long time.  Well, I have been looking for more than three months.

3. 'Well' is used when someone admits that something is correct or true.

Basant: Do you suppose that we are becoming the nation of snackers and junk food addicts?
Aman: Yes, well, you are absolutely right.

4. We use 'well' when we are going to say something unexpected.  When we want to say opposite of what our listener expects.  To understand it better, two examples are given.

Anil: Are you going to Jaipur ?
Prem: Jaipur ? Well, I want to go to Jaipur with you but my exams are very near.  So, it is next to impossible for me to be a part of the tour.

Akhil: Could you give me Rs 5000?
Nakul: Well, I don't have. I have just given Rs 7000 to Amit.

5. 'Well' also means 'tell me/us if it is spoken with a rising tone.  It is very direct.

Rahul : Amit, where are you coming from ?
Amit: ( No answer)
Rahutl: Well ( Here well means tell me where...........from)

08 December, 2018

Important Idiomatic Expressions

Idiomatic Expressions

Idiomatic expressions help a writer or a speaker beautify his ideas. To understand what idiomatic expressions are, click on Expressions.

1. All on your own / on your own 

Explanation : When you do something all on your own, you do that thing alone or without anybody's help.
Meaning: Alone / without anybody's help / by himself / myself ( Use self pronoun keeping the subject of a sentence in mind )
E.g.  I am doing all on my own.
Translation :  मै अपने आप कर रहा हूँ !

2. Beyond the realms of possibility
Explanation: If something is beyond the realms of possibility, it is impossible
Meaning :  Impossible
E.g. Your admission in this college is beyond the realms of possibility
Translation : तुम्हारा इस  कॉलेज मे दाखिला संभव नही हैं !

3. Within the realms of possibility
Meaning : Possible
E.g. It is still within the realms of possibility.
Translation : यह अभी भी संभव हैं !

4. That's more like it
Meaning : That's an improvement.
Explanation: When someone is improving or has improved , this expression is used.   ' That's an improvement ' can be used too if  you do not want to use 'that is more like it '

E.g. A : Do not write like this. Look, write the way I am writing

B : Sir , like this.

A : That is more like it : ये हुई न बात / यही चाहिए /

5.  The more the merrier
Explanation: We use it when some more people want to join a celebration or a party being hosted by you, you can say 'the more the merrier' which means if some more come, there will be more fun.

Eg : Rohit : Kamal and Shanwaz are also coming to the party.
Hitesh : Let them come. The more the merrier
Translation : उन्हे आने दो. जितने ज्यादा लोग उतना ही मज़ा !

6. Stuff and nonsense
Explanation: Use this expression when you  find something silly 
Meaning: What nonsense !

7. My goodness / goodness : 
Explanation: Used to show that you are surprised or you have strong emotions towards something.
E.g. My goodness ,  just within a month  , he has uploaded 5 videos on you tube.

8. To begin with 
Explanation : Used when you mean to say in the beginning or at the start of an event
Meaning : First / the time when an event starts 
E.g. To begin with , I had 20 students in my batch but now, we are only seven.
Translation :  शुरूवात मे / जब batch शुरू हुआ था तो मेरे batch मे 20 students थे लेकिन अब हम केवल सात है ! 

9. The rights and wrongs 
Explanation :  What is right and what is wrong ?
Eg: I do not know the rights and wrongs.  I just want you to stop fighting.

10.  Two wrongs don't make a right
Explanation: It means if someone does something unjust to you , doing the same thing to him is not a solution.
Eg : I accept he has slapped you first.  Now cool down slapping him back is not a solution to the problem as two wrongs don't make a right.

Please ignore Hindi translation. Try to understand the concept.

07 December, 2018

Questions on food and restaurant

Questions on food and restaurant

Conversation is an interactive communication that involves two or more than two persons. If we talk about English language learners , they find difficulties in conversing with one another because of lack of questions or ideas. Keeping it in mind, we keep sharing questions on different subjects that can make
your conversation interesting. This post also includes some questions based on food.

Make your conversation on food and restaurant interesting by asking the following questions.

Q.1 Have you ever had a sit-down meal ?  If yes , when and where ?

Q.2 Do you like a sit down meal or a buffet and why ?

Q.3 Do you have any cookery book ? /  Do you use any cookery book while making anything that you don't know ?  If you have , could you please put me onto that ?

Q.4 Have you heard of a restaurant that offers an all you can eat buffet or meal at an affordable price ?

Q.5 My sister's marriage is on the card. So , I am looking for a wonderful restaurant ? Do you know any restaurateur ?

Q.6 Do you like to take a frugal meal or an expensive one ?

Q.7 It is said that the way to man's heart is through stomach.  Do you suppose it is true.

Q.8 What do you usually have for main course in a restaurant ?

Q.9 Do you remember any wedding in which you were treated like royalty ?

Q.10 Have you ever treated your girl friend or boy friend or a member of your family to a meal at an expensive restaurant ?

Q.11 Would you like to be wined and dined on the very first date ?

Q.12 Do you feel that we are becoming the nation of snackers and junk food addicts ?

Q.13 Let me know the smell or sight of which food makes your mouth water ?

To see questions on fashion and clothing, click on fashion and clothing.

04 December, 2018

Questions on fashion, style and clothing

 To ask questions is an art.  If you know that art of questioning very well , you are not going to face any difficulty in conversing with anyone.  In order to make your conversation interesting and impressive , we have a collection of many questions that you can ask your friends if you are talking on fashion , clothes, style etc.

Some questions on fashion, style and clothing

Q.1 Do you think that I don't have a sense of fashion ? If it is, what makes you feel so ?

 Q.2 Have you ever worn hand-me-downs in your life ? If there is a story behind it , would you like to share with us ?

Q.3 Do you like to put on off the rack clothes or you get them stitched by a tailor around you ?

Q.4 Do you like the guys who keep their shirts unbuttoned ?

Q.5 Could you let us know the name of any fashion icon who grabbed your attention ever ?

Q.6. Do you vamp up your dresses before going to a party and how do you do that ?

Q.7  What do you do to be dressed to the nines ?

Q.8 Do you like to wear off the peg suit ?

Q.9 Have you ever bought designer labels ?

Q.10 Do you remember any outlandish outfit that embarrassed you and you can never forget ?

Q.11 Would you like to tell us about the most expensive outfit you have ever worn or bought for you ?

Q.12 Have you ever got your body tattooed ? If not , why ?

Q.13. What wears make you feel comfortable when you are at home ?

Q.14 Have you ever avoided going to a party  because we know we have to be dressed to the nines ?

Q.15 Do you like people with dreadlocks ?

Q.16 At what age did you get your ears and nose pierced ?

Q.17 Do the clothes you wear really change people's way of looking at you ?

Q.18 Who should I go to in our neighbourhood  if I want to know what are on trend in clothes ?

Q.19 Do your parents make your siblings , especially your sisters wear those dresses that they like.  If not , why ?

Q.20 Which kinds of dresses will you call provocative dresses ?

Q.21 Which wears make you feel uncomfortable ?

Q.22  Did you have any dress that you wore for a long time or  wanted to wear over and over ?

To see questions on food and restaurant, click on food and restaurant.


02 December, 2018

All right as a discourse marker

 'All right' as a discourse marker with some examples
As far as the definition or explanation of discourse marker is concerned , in the last post , everything was explained. I am pretty sure that if you go though the post , it will help you understand the role of discourse marker in a language.

(1) 'All right' as a discourse marker is used when we want our audience or listeners to listen to us or focus on us at the time of beginning a new action.
To understand it better , some examples are given.

AAll right, should we start experimenting with this ?
B. All right, students, we are going to start a new chapter.
C. All right, everybody, let's start cooking.
D. All right, now I am going to play a romantic song.
The examples given above show that in all the sentences, the speakers of the sentences want their audience to listen to them because they are going to start something or the other

(2)  'All right' as a discourse marker is also used even when we agree with someone or to what has been said or being said.
Let's take some examples.
E.g 1
Mike: You had better not do this because it might spark a controversy.
Jack: We do not want to begin from the scratch as we know a lot about grammar.
Mike: All right. What about enrolling on English accent classes.
Johny: This garden looks so neglected. What about we could tidy it up right away.
Mike: All right. I have wheelbarrow, secateurs, garden hose and all.
Cecily: All right , I won't.
Here you can see that all the sentences have been spoken by listeners and it seems that they
agree with what has been said. 

(3) After making a complete statement, if a speaker uses all right, 
it functions as a question.
E.g. 1
Ajeet: If you don't have any problem, I am coming to your home. All right ?
Rohit: Are you sure?
Here Ajeet uses 'all right' that means he is asking for Rohit's assent.

On 'Discourse Marker' even before a post has already been posted. To understand it better, you must go through it.

23 November, 2018

Idiomatic Expressions


 An idiomatic expression is a collection of words. It can't be literally understood although sometimes, it is possible to understand an idiomatic expression by deducing its meaning. There are over 25 thousand idiomatic expressions in English. The more expressions you know the more possibility you have to understand a native speaker. It also makes you speak English better and more naturally.

1. Shoot questions at someone

Explanation: If you shoot questions at someone, it means someone is asking him questions so rapidly that it gets difficult for him to answer.

Meaning : Asking many question without giving time.

E.g. He shot questions at me. So I could not answer.

 2. It takes all kinds / sorts to make a world.

Explanation : used to say with emphasis that people have different characters, opinions and abilities and we should accept it.

3. As easy as anything

Explanation :  when you find something very easy, you can use this expression.

Meaning : Very easy

E.g. Teaching English is as easy as anything.

4. Out of the world

Explanation : When we say that something is out of the world, it means it is beautiful.

Meaning : Beautiful

E.g. The painting was out of the world.

5. What's done is done.

Explanation : This expression is used when we want to say that what has been done can not be changed.

E.g. A : If you had worked a bit harder, you would have scored more than this.

        B : What's done is done.

6. Beat the hell out of object

Explanation : Beat someone badly and repeatedly

E.g. If I do not get the hell out of here, my dad will beat the hell out of me.

7. Get the hell out of somewhere

Explanation : leave a place quickly

E.g. I got the hell out of there as I saw my dad coming to me.

8. What if ?

Explanation : It means what will happen if....

E.g. What if I don't get appointed.

9. It's a small world.

Explanation : We know that the world is so big with a lot of people. If we meet someone at such a place where we don't expect , we can use this expression.

E.g. A : I don't think that I can meet him again.

        B : Dear, you can because it's a small world.

10. Scare / annoy / frighten the hell out of object

Explanation: If you scare the hell out of someone, it means you make someone extremely annoyed or frightened.

12 November, 2018

How to use Discourse Markers in Spoken English ?


Discourse marker is a compound word.  It is a language terminology that helps a speaker organise , manage and connect a piece of speech to another.  Every language has discourse markers.  They help a speaker speak a language more naturally and fluently. They are called fillers when they are used to fill the gap created during conversation.   They play an important role in both informal and formal language.  If a speaker uses a discourse marker skillfully , it helps him get a higher level of fluency and naturality , and enjoy language.
As a discourse marker , a word , a phrase and even a clause can be used.

Now , let's try to understand the situations where we can use discourse markers.

1. To start and to end a topic.

2. To fill the gap that is created at the time of conversation.

3. To be less direct

4. To show interest

5. To sequence speech

6. To change the topic one is talking about

7. To avoid talking in a robotic style.

8. As a response marker

' So ' as a discourse marker

Position :  Used at the beginning of clauses

Usage : Used when we are summarizing what we have already said , which means expressing ideas in short.

Let's take some examples to understand it better.

Example 1

Rohit :  Is Mohit also going ?

Amit : No, he is not going.

Rohit : So, everyone
 except Mohit is going.

In the underlined sentence , Rohit , the speaker of the sentence , is trying to summarize his statement by using ' so ' at the beginning of the clause

Example 2

Usage : It is also used to change a topic or to introduce a new part of conversation

Ellie : When did you get to know about your SSC result ?

Annie : Yesterday

Ellie : So ,  when are you
 throwing a party ?
 Afterall , it is a great success.

In the example given above , the underlined sentence shows that Ellie , the speaker , is trying to change the topic or to introduce a new part of the conversation.