20 April, 2019

The poem ' An Exchange ' by Payal Kapadiya

                                                        An Exchange by Payal Kapadiya

The poem 'An Exchange' showing the drastic effect of the time is compsed by Payal Kspadiya. This is a one stanziac poem with thirteen lines. The Language of the poem is very easy.  In the first fourlines making the first stanza, the poet introduces the readers to the speaker and her grandmother. When the speaker is flipping through an old photo album with her father , she sees a photo of a young lady. When she asks her father about the young lady, she comes to know that she is her grandmother. It shocks her and makes her realize how cruel the time is.                                             

In the second stanza, the poet describes the speaker's grandmother using words such as flaccid, wrinkled, ........  Here we come to know that when her grandmother was in her prime time, she used to be soft and shiny but at present she has turned into a lady whose face is full of wrinkles. Here she makes comparison between the two images of her grandmother.                                         

In the third stanza, the poet talks about the change that the speaker observes in her grandmother in terms of physical appearance and her behaviour.  When she was young, she caused revolution or turbulence in the family. But at present, she is so weak that she easily bows down to convention.  The speaker thinks that her grandmother doesn't deserve the change she undergoes with the passage of time. She thinks so because the photo she looks at makes her see a different image of her grandmother completely different to her grandmother who is with them at present. Her grandmother in the picture makes her that she was not as weak as she seems to be at present.                                                                 

Important questions from the poem.              

Q.1 Why has the poem been named an exchange ?
Ans. The poem ' An Exchange ' shows the drastic effects of the time that can be seen on a human body or on an animal's. The poem has been named an exchange because in this poem, we notice that the speaker's grandmother undergoes changes in terms of her physical appearance and her behaviour. When the grandmother was young, she used to be soft and shiny but at present, she has become old and her face is full wrinkles. This is the first exchange that we see in the grandmother.  The other exchange is the change in her behaviour. She becomes a timid woman from a revolutionary girl. Thus, the grandmother is exchanged from a young sweet girl to an old helpless lady by the cruel time.         

 Q.2  Why does the speaker say that her grandmother didn't deserve the change that she had undergone ?
Ans. The speaker says that her grandmother didn't deserve the change that came over her in the course of time. Once her grandmother used to be a young and strong woman but at present, she has become very weak and old. When she was young, her thinking caused revolution in the family and she charted her own way. There was no one to stop around her from doing what she wanted. But presently, she is obsessed with religion. She easily bows down to the traditions of her family and she doesn't have freedom to follow her heart.  The speaker does not want her grandmother to undergo all those changes mentioned above. There may be two reasons behind this. Firstly, the speaker loves her grandmother like every other child. Secondly, she thinks that her grandmother used to be so strong that she could face any problem easily. If it was right, she should have fought against the ravages of the time.

14 April, 2019

Evans tries an O level by Dexter

“Evans tries an O-Level" are very important. All these questions revolve around the Governor of Oxford Prison. The answer written below has been designed in such a way that it covers all the questions.

Long questions

       Q.1 Write the character sketch of the Governor of Oxford prison based on your understanding of the story  ‘Evans tries an O-Level’

Q.2 How did the loopholes in the arrangements made by the Governor help Evans escape from the jail?

Q.3 What do you know about the Governor ? Also point out the mistakes ,committed by the prison authorities, that helped Evans and his friends in fulfilling their plan.

Q.4 What kind of person was the Governor of the prison ? Mention any three lapses in his arrangements for Evan’s O-Level exam that helped Evans escape from the jail?

Q.5 What makes you guess that the prison authorities and the governor were responsible for the escape of Evans ?

Q.6 The Governor was tensified in case Evans should escape from the prison on the day of his exam.  What precautionary steps were taken to stop him from escaping and which drawbacks made those steps unsuccessful ?

Q.7 Do you agree to the statement that the Governor was overconfident and gullible ?
       Explain it with references to the story.

Q.8 What could the Governor have done to securely get Evans back to prison when he caught him at The Golden Lion? Does that final act of foolishness really prove that he was a gullible governor

Ans. From the beginning to the end of the play, the Governor seemed to be overconfident although he was generous. It was his compassion that constrained him to give Evans a chance to have academic qualification. He was easily tricked by Evans as he was a gullible person. His gullibility also became one of the reasons that helped Evans escape. We can call it one of the lapses by the Governor. He was somewhat stupid as well. The chance that the Governor gave to Evans to have academic qualification was nothing but his stupidity since he knew ins and outs of Evans very well. In spite of this fact that he might break the jail, he gave him a chance to appear for an O level exam.  If he had not given him this chance, he would not have got a chance to escape. As for his security arrangement, he made tight security arrangements with his staff keeping his escape in mind such as  Stephens was appointed to keep a watch on Evans, a microphone was fit in his cell to listen the communication between the invigilator and Evans, all the sharp instruments like razor, nail file and scissors were removed. However , Evans could hide many stuffs which he used for his escape. The McLeery episode also puts a question on the personality of the Governor and his tight security because his identity was not verified by the governor and his staff. In fact, McLeery was the person who was supposed to take Evans’ exam but he was tied and gagged at his home.  Instead of him, one of Evans’ friends visited Oxford prison for Evans' exam.  If he had verified his identity, Evans would not have escaped from the jail.  This sort of the Governor’s behaviour shows his over cautiousness as well as carelessness.  The biggest loophole in the plan of the Governor was found when Evans was almost rearrested by the Governor in the hotel but he forgot to check if the officers in the van were from his or Evans’.  Actually, the men inside the van were Evans’ close friends .  Actually he believed what was happening was right.  In fact he should have taken the identity of the van and he should not have believed anyone. Finally  on his instructions, they took the van to Newsbury, which proved to be his final escape.

All the questions taken from the lesson “ Evans tries an O-Level" by Colin Dexter are very important. All these questions talk about Evans. The answer written below has been designed in such a way that it covers all the questions.

Q.1 What kind of a person was Evans and how did he manage to escape from the prison?
Q.2 How did Evans outwit the Governor and his staff?
Q.3 Write the character sketch of James Roderick Evans?
Q.4.Who was Evans? Describe the role of his friends from the beginning to the end of the story?
Q.5 What do you know about Evans? Write down Evan's efforts to escape from the jail?
Q. 6 How did Evans dupe the Governor and his staff?
Q.7 How did Evans and his friends carry out the escape of Evans meticulously and successfully?
Q.8 How did Evans have the last laugh?
Q.9 Was appearing for O-Level exam Evans' strategy to escape from the prison? Explain it.
Q.10 Describe the plan hatched by Evans and his friends to get Evans out of the prison.
Q.11 How did Evans prove that he was a man of high wits?
Q.12 What was Evans' intention behind taking O- Level exam?

Ans. Evans ,whose full name was James Roderick Evans , was a prisoner in the Oxford prison. He was also known as Evans Break because he had escaped from the jail even before. As far as his personality was concerned, he was fun loving. He lived his life the way he wanted. He was good at imitating, which benefitted him in his final escape. The way he impersonated himself as McLeery was unbelievable. Although he had escaped from the jail, he had no record of violence.There should be no doubt in it if we call him a man of high wits. He had an ability to study human mind. It helped him a lot in befooling the Governor and the prison officials. There are various examples that make us realize that he was literally a man of high wits. His strategy began right from the time when Evans pretended to appear for O level exam. If he had not got successful in getting the Governor convinced, he would have failedto make his final escape. We can not forget the role of his cunning and clever friends either. They were also as important as Evans himself. They helped Evans at every point such as the German teacher whom the prison authorities  arranged for Evans was also made available by Evans' friends. Mcleery who was going to be invigilator for Evans exam was also one of Evans' friends. As for the real Mcleery, they tied him at his home by gagging his mouth and sent someone else. With the help of him, Evans managed to get a tube containing blood that he used while impersonating himself as Mcleery. Without their efforts, it might not have been possible to escape for Evans from the grip of the Governor. The Governor almost arrested him at the Golden lion hotel and called for the local police. They made him sit in the van but the men in the van were not prison officials. They were Evans' friends. Thus, he had the last laugh at the Governor.

Some questions to know one's personal experiences

Q.1 How do you avoid the people who screw up your time ?

Q.2 What is your worst screw up in the kitchen ?

Q.3 Do you remember any funny cooking mistake that you have made ever ?

Q.4 What hacks you off when you are at home or office ?

Q.5 Do you remember anything that you said to your friend in fun, not intentionally but he or she got hurt ?

Q.6 Do you like to lie sprawled on the floor to make yourself feel relaxed and does it really work?

Q.7 Has anyone ever said to you, " You resemble a bollywood celebrity or a politician ?

Q.8 Suppose you have affair with two girls at the same time. Will you call it infidelity and to which girl ?

Q.9  In the next birth, would you like to be born as what you are in the present birth or with some changes ?  Can you share those changes you want in your life if you do not mind?

Q.10 Has a bee kissed you ever ?  If yes, how terrible days did you have to spend with swollen face or ..... ?

Q.11 If you got a chace to see yourself in a celebrity's body, who would you choose?

Q.12 Whom don't you get along/on with in your family ?

Q.13 If you at the age 19 get know the parents you are living with are not your real parents and your real parents are also around you, who would you like to live with ?

Q.14 As a kid did you bully or you were bullied?

Q.15 Any horrific dream that you can not get off your mind? 

Some questions on smart phone so and their effect

Q.1 Do you enjoy filming events or functions on mobile phones and which was the event or function that you filmed ?

Q.2 Will you tell me how dependent you are on mobile phones ?

Q.3 Howmuch will it bother you to go without your smartphones for a day ?

Q.4 Has mobile phone impaired relations ? If you think that it is true, what makes you feel so ?

Q.5 Do you think that hand phones ( mobile phones ) have made you slave ?

Q.6 How are smartphones ruining relationship?

Q.7 Do you agree that smartphones make you stay in touch with your family and friends living away from you but it is creating a gap among the members of family under the same roof ?

Q.8 Do you feel neglected when your partner or your friend is on his phone ?

Q.9 How is phubbing killing the ability of the present generation to hold a real conversation ?

Q.10 After the interval of how many minutes do you usually check out your phones and what do you see ?

Q.11 Is it really urgent to check your phones over and over ?

Q.12 Do you remember or have any day when you forgot your phone at home and how did you spend that day ? Did you really find any difference between the day with phone and the day without phone ?

Haroun and the sea of stories by Salman Rashdie

Haroun and the sea of the stories
Some important questions with their answers
Q.1 Why did Soraya run away with Mr. Sengupta ?  ( Appeared in 2006, 2007 Regular )
Ans. Soraya also expected love from her husband, Rashid Khalifa like every woman but Rashid Khalifa had his own world full of untrue stories. He always kept on manufacturing stories, avoiding his relationship with his wife and son. When Soraya felt that Rashid had no room for her and Mr. Sengupta loved her, she decided to elope with Mr. Sengupta.

Q.2 Which questions did Haroun ask his parents ?
Ans. Haroun usually pestered his parents with two questions as he was very curious to know answers to the questions. The first question that he asked his father was what the source of his fantastic and cheery stories was. While answering to the question, Rashid said that he had subscribed to the great sea story that was installed at Kahani and his stories came from there.

The second question that he asked his parents was why didn't he have any sister or brother. When this question was asked to his mother, she said that it was their failure. But Khalifa answered it in an imaginative way such as they had used full quota in producing only Haroun.

The third question that he asked his father for the first and the last time was ' What is the use of those stories that are not even true ?' It was the question that Rashid could not answer and it made him lose his powers of story telling.

Q.3 What were the two nicknames of Rashid Khalifa ? Who had given those names to him ?

Ans. Rashid Khalifa was given two nicknames which were the Shah of Blah and the sea of notions. His fans who were fond of Rashid and liked to listen to him called him the sea of notions that means his mind was stuffed with a lot of ideas and the people who felt jealous of him called him the Shah of Blah that means the king of nonsense.

12 March, 2019

Amalkanti By Nirendra Chakrabaty

by Nirendranath Chakrabarty

Introduction to the poem

Amalkanti is one of the  poems composed by Nirendranath Chakrabarty, who is a Sahitya Academy award winner.  It was originally composed in Bengali. But for its popularity, it was translated into English as well. The credit for the English translation version of the poem goes to Sujit and Meenakshi Mukherjee. It is a four stanziac poem. The poem shows two different attitudes - the speaker's and the poet's attitude towards Amalkanti. Whereas the speaker criticizes Amalkanti, the protagonist of the poem, for failing to miss the target, the poet appreciates him for achieving his goal. In terms of literary terms, the usage of irony and metaphor and images can be seen.

In the first stanza, the speaker introduces Amalkanti to us as one of his friends saying that he was too weak to know his lessons. When he was asked to conjugate verb, he looked out of the window in puzzlement (confusion)

In the second stanza, he further tells us that all of his classmates wanted to achieve something or the other. Some wanted to become doctors, some lawyers and some teachers. But when Amalkanti was asked what he wanted to become, what he replied was completely strange. He wanted to become sunlight, which appears after it stops raining and clings to the leaves of the Jam(Jamun) and the Jamrul (juicy apple) like a smile. It made Amalkanti among his friends an object to be laughed.

In the third stanza, the speaker tells us that some of his friends have become doctors, some teachers and some lawyers but Amalkanti works in a poorly lit room getting engaged in a low salary job. Valuing his friendship with the speaker,  he sometimes comes to meet him and talks to him over cup of tea and the speaker sees him off at the door.

The lines from the last stanza make us think otherwise. The speaker says everyone has at least achieved something or the other although their goals have interchanged. Those students who wanted to become doctors have become lawyers and vice versa. From the poet's perspective, it is Amalkanti who truly manages to achieve his goal. Except Amalkanti, every classmate of the speaker has failed to hit his target. They compromise with their dreams but Amalkanti lives his dream although he is engaged in low paying salary. Amalkanti in his childhood wanted to become sunlight. He may have got inspiration to become sunlight from his own name.

Just as the sun gives light to the world, in the same way in the form of knowledge, he spreads light through the books which are published in the prtinting press where he works. This poem teaches us that we should do what makes us happy and successful no matter however small or big it may be.

Long questions and their answers from the poem

Q.1 Do you think that Amalkanti's desire to become sunlight is unrealistic or foolish?

Q.2 How is the poet's attitude towards Amalkanti's dream different from the speaker's?

Ans. Everyone has a dream to be something or the other in his life. From childhood, we start dreaming. We get inspiration from the people around but we sometimes get forced to become what our relatives want or someone else wants. When we don't follow what our heart says, it becomes difficult to achieve. Amalkanti may also have got the inspiration to become sunlight from his own name ' Amalkanti ' that means sunshine. His dream can not be considered to be foolish or unrealistic as he achieved what he wanted. Everyone knows nobody can become sunlight. If he had wished to be sunlight, his wish must have been to do something that can be compared to the sunlight. Here the speaker is at fault if he translates his wish list Ally. At the end of the poem, we find that through the books he prints in printing press, he spreads light to the world in the form of knowledge.
This poem has two different perspectives - the speaker's and the poet's perspective towards Amalkanti. The speaker thinks that he has failed to achieve his goal as he is doing a low paying job, whereas the poet has different opinion. He says that it is only Amalkanti who achieves his goal as he spreads light in the form of knowledge. Except Amalkanti, all the classmates of the speaker compromise with their dreams since they don't become what they wished in the past.  From my perspective too, his dream is not foolish. I would go with the poet not with the speaker.

Q.3 How is Amalkanti's dream different from his classmates ?

Q.4 What were Amalkanti's and his classmates' dreams and were they successful in achieving them?

Ans. To be in fantasy is natural for teenagers. They become grown up by getting inspired by the people around them. When they are asked about their dreams, they share their dreams keeping in mind those persons they want to become like.
Even the classmates of Amalkanti wanted to achieve the conventional dreams they heard of. Some wanted to become doctors, some teachers and some lawyers.There was nothing new in their dreams. They followed just conventional dreams.  But what Amalkanti wanted to become was thoroughly strange. He wanted to become sunlight. Amalkanti's dream was completely different from his classmates as he had something creative and unique. From the speaker's perspective, his dream was unrealistic and foolish and he failed to achieve the same as he tried to understand his dream literally not the sense behind his dream. On the other side, the poet, Nirendranath Chakrabarty says that except Amalkanti, no one achieves his dream as all the classmates of Amalkanti compromise with their dreams. One who is going to be a doctor becomes a lawyer and vice versa. It is Amalkanti who fullfils his dream in true sense as he does what he wants not compromising with his dream. Although he works in poorly lit room and gets a low salary, yet he enjoys his work.  Success can not be defined neither by the money that one earns nor by the designation one holds. but by the happiness that we feel.  Amalkanti, working in a poorly lit room, gives light to the world in the form of knowledge. Thus, he achieves his goal to be sunlight.

24 February, 2019

" The Enemy " by Pearl S Buck

Long questions

Q.1 Write the character sketch of Dr. Sadao.

Q.2 How did Dr. Sadao rise above the prejudice of race and country to help a human being in need ?

Q.3 What message does the lesson " The Enemy " convey ?

Q.4 What conflicting ideas rise in Dr. Sadao's mind after he has brought the American soldier his home ? How is this conflict is resolved ?

Q.5 How did Dr. Sadao get rid of the American soldier?

Q. 6 How did Dr. Sadao overcome the difficulty that came in his way to save the American Soldier ?

Q.7 The milk of kindness flows in the veins of Dr. Sadao. Explain with examples from the lesson " The Enemy ".

Q.8 Why did Dr. Sadao treat the wounded American solider and let him go back his home although it was an unpatriotic act on his part ?

Q.9 Nothing is bigger than humanity. Explain it with examples from the lesson " The Enemy ".

The answer written below is called a creatively designed answer. It answers all the questions written above.

And. Dr. Sadao fits the bill for the saying " The sole meaning of life is to serve humanity. The way he helps the American soldier makes him a statue of love and humanity. Dr. Sadao who is an eminent scientist as well as a surgeon is famous for his art of healing wounds. He has also got Laurel with his achievements. Once on the sea beach through the mist , he and his wife see an injured American soldier, which makes conflicting ideas rise in Dr. Sadao's mind. He is in a fix. He doesn't understand what should be done with the soldier. If he shelters him, he will be called a traitor. If he lets him die, it will be like killing humanity. But he lets humanity come first by operating him until the wounded American soldier recovers. He doesn't want to go against his nation either. So he informs the General about his presence. Keeping the laxity in the attitude of the General, he helps the American soldier escape. He provides him a boat with all essential stuffs with this instruction that he should move through the little island to avoid being seen. He also instructs him to light torch if he is in a dilemma and not to light if he reaches safely. He gets no torch light signal, which means his plan has got successful. Dr.Sadao teaches that humanity should be our race and love should be our religion.

Long questions

Q.1 What was the General's plan to get rid of the American prisoner ? Was it executed ?

Q.2 What traits of the General's character are highlighted in the lesson ?

Q.3 What impression do you form about the General after reading the lesson " The Enemy " ?

Ans. The General seems to be self - centered, careless and lax.There are many instances which let us know how selfish and lazy he is. As for his selfishness is concerned, we notice it when he does not let Dr. Sadao go to the battlefield with the army. He thinks of only his own safety. He prioritize himself more than the lives of the soldiers who are on the battleground. He wants his services personally. If his laxity and carelessness are concerned, we can see when Dr. Sadao informs the Genreal about the presence of the wounded American soldier at his home. On being informed, he decides to send his assassins to kill him. But he forgets to do so. In this way his plan to kill the soldier fails. Dr. Sadao waits for the assassins to come for the next three days. His laxity causes Dr. Sadao to let the American to let the American soldier escape.

22 February, 2019

INDIGO by Louis Fischer

Long questions
Q.1 Civil disobedience had truimphed for the first time in modern India. How ?

Q.2 What was the problem of the sharecroppers of Champaran ? How did Champaran movement help in this direction ?

Q.3 The real relief for them is to be free from fear, ' Gandhi said'. What do you think was the beginning of their liberation from the fear of the British ?

Q.4 Why was Gandhi summoned to be present in the court ? What happened ?

Q.5 The Champaran episode was a turning point in Gandhi's life. Explain it with examples from Indigo.

Q.6 How did the British planters exploit the sharecroppers ? How did Gandhi help them ?
Q.8 How did the Champaran episode change the plight of the peasants?

Q.9 Describe how Gandhi helped the sharecroppers of Champaran reach an honourable settlement ?

Q.10 Justify the appropriateness of the title Indigo in this extract.

Ans.  The answer given below belongs to all the questions mentioned above.

" I shall make Champaran my home and work for the suffering people "  This powerful statement that Gandhi said to the Magistrate played a significant role in the Champaran movement, that proved a turning point in Gandhi's life as well as in the history of India. Under an ancient agreement, the sharecroppers had to work under the English planters, who considered themselves to be above law. They compelled the sharecroppers to plant 15 % of Indigo as it was a profitable crop promising a good return.  After Germany had developed synthetic indigo.  Indigo was no more profitable. Thereafter , they found out new ways of exploiting the sharecroppers. They charged them an exorbitant fee as compensation. To know the condition of the sharecroppers of Champaran, he went to Muzzafarpur where he got to know even the lawyers charged them a high fee. Gandhi asked the lawyers to support the sharecroppers. In order to know the facts related to the peasant of Champaran, he visited the secretary of the British Landlord Association but he was denied. Then he met the commissioner of Tirhut. After this he went to Motihari the capital of Champaran where he was  sent an official notice. Gandhi openly declared that he would disobey the order. At this Gandhi was given a summons to be present in the court. Gandhi wanted to make the peasants of champaran realize that Freedom was more important than legal justice for them. So he got ready to face court trial to free them from the fear they had. As this news spread across the district, thousands of people gathered there. To see this the British government got baffled. They had to leave Gandhi without bail. In this way, civil disobedience movement triumphed for the first time. The commission offered the sharecroppers a compensatory funds. It was decided at 25% although Gandhi initially demanded 50% of compensation. They accepted it because victoryof prestige was more important than a number.

Q.1. Who was Rajkumar Shukla ? Why did he meet Gandhi ji ? What made Gandhi board to patna ?

Q.2. What qualities of Rajkumar made Gandhi surrender to his wish and go with him to Patna in Bihar ?

Q.3. Describe the journey of Shukla and his efforts to meet Gandhi and bring him to Champaran ?

Q.4. What role was played by Rajkumar to help the sharecroppers ?

Ans. Rajkumar Shukla was one of the sharecroppers who lived in Champaran. Rajkumar Shukla was thinthinkand weak. He was illiterate but resolute. Under an ancient agreement, the sharecroppers had to work under the English planters who were exploiting the sharecropperss. Somebody advised him to go to Gandhi. So he went to Lucknow in 1916 to meet Gandhi at Annual Convent of Indian National Congress where Rajkumar Shukla told Gandhi about the injustice to the peasants by the landlord in Bihar. When Rajkumar shukla requested Gandhi to go with him , expressing his problem , Gandhi ji told him that he would not be able to go with him because he had an appointment in Kanpur and then he had to go to other parts of the country, India as well. Shukla was determined to take Gandhi with him. So he went every place where Gandhi went. He followed Gandhi to his ashram in Ahamdabad . For weeks , He never left Gandhi. At this , Gandhi told him to meet in Calcutta. Shukla reached there too. He waited there till Gandhi was free. This determination of Shuklar impressed
Gandhi . And then Both boarded the train to Patana.

19 February, 2019

" The Last Lesson " by Alphonse Daudet

Q.1 How did Mr. Hamel dismiss the class on the last day ?

Q.2 What shows Mr. Hamel's love for his language, French ?

Q.3 Write the character sketch of Mr. Hamel.

Q.4 What parting message did Mr. Hamel give to all his students and the villagers present there ?

Q.5 Write a note on the feelings, emotions and behaviour of Mr. Hamel on the last day of his class.

Q.6 What did Mr.Hamel tell his students about the French language ? What did he ask them to do and why ?

Q.7 How was Mr. Hamel a different teacher while teaching his last lesson ?

Q.8 What impression do you form about Mr. Hamel on the basis of your reading the lesson ?

The answer written below is the answer to every question.

On the last day of his school, the words " Viva La France " Mr. Hamel wrote on the board symbolise his respect and love for his country as well as language, French. Mr. Hamel loved his language ardently. When Mr. Hamel got to know that according to the order from Berlin, in the districts of Alsace and Lorraine, German would be taught instead of  French. At that point of time Mr. Hamel felt like his body was being pierced thinking that he would have to say bye bye to his school and students. He was dedicated and devoted to his job. Being a dedicated and responsible teacher, even on last day, he taught the way he usually did. He taught grammar with depth hearing from everyone to the last. That day, he seemed to be a different person. He was very polite. He was wearing his Sunday dress he used to wear on ceremonial occasion. He seemed to be overwhelmed with emotions and feelings.  He was deeply grieved to think that he was going to leave the place he had been attached to for a long time He expressed his sadness saying that the people of Alsace were never serious in learning French. He also advised everyone present in the class to safeguard his language. He believed that if an enslaved person holds fast to his language, it proves a key to the prison.W hen he spoke, his throat choked. So he dismissed the class with the gesture of his hands.

17 February, 2019

Poem " My mother at sixty six " by Kamla Das

Important questions

Q.1 Where was the poetess going and from where ?
Ans. The poetess was driving to Cochin  from her parent's home.

Q. 2 Who was sitting beside the poetess ? How did she look ? In what condition was she ?
Ans. The poetess' mother was sitting beside her. She was dozing with her mouth open.  Her face looked as pale as a corpse.

Q.3 What thought did the poetess try to put away by looking at the outside world ?
How did the poetess try to put away the thought  of losing her mother ?

Ans. When the poetess looked at her mother, she realized her childhood fear of losing her in her heart. She tried to put away this thought by looking at the outside world..

Q.4 What did she look outside ? What do they signify ?

Ans. When the poetess looked outside, she saw young sprinting trees and merry children spilling out of their homes. Both images signify vitality and happiness.

Q.5 What does the poetess want to show by using the two images - young sprinting trees and merry children spilling out of their homes?

Ans. With these two beautiful images, the poetess wants to present a very good contrast between old age and childhood.  She finds herself sitting between the past and the future.

Q.6 Explain young sprinting trees and
merry children spilling out of their homes
Ans. ' Sprinting trees ' refers to running trees that seem to be moving

" Merry children spilling out of their homes " refers to those children who are coming out of their homes happily.

Q.7 What do the parting words said by the poetess and her smile signify ?
And. The parting words " See you soon, Amma. " that the poetess speaks show her hope to see her mother again. With smile, she wants to hide her ache in her heart.

Q.7 What does she compare her mother with ?
Ans. The poetess compares her mother to the late winter moon because just as the late moon in the winter loses it's lusture and looks hazy , in the same way her mother also appears to have lost her vitality and happiness.

Q.8  What is the central theme of the poem ?
Ans. The poem " My mother at Sixty six " is very heart touching. It shows a child's attachment and love towards her mother. It also talks about a child's fear of losing her mother. In other words, we can say it also show's ageing process that is a natural part of life.

14 February, 2019

Lonq questions from the lesson ' Lost Spring ' Book Flamingo prose section by Anees Jung

As many as nine long questions from the lesson ' Lost Spring ' by Anees Jung have been incorporated into this blog post. In this blog, how long questions are answered has been shown.  Only the answer written below covers answers to the questions mentioned above.

Q.1 Who is Saheb and what do you gather about his life and living conditions from the lesson ' Lost Spring "?

Q.2 Write the character sketch of Saheb - e - Alam of Seemapuri.

Q.3 What makes you feel that Saheb was not his own master any longer?

Q.4 Describe the details of  the life of Saheb from a rag-picker to a servant at tea stall.

Q.5 Who was Saheb ? How did he make both ends meet?

Q.6 What made Saheb and his family leave Dhaka?  Why did they not want to go back to the green fields of Dhaka from the streets of Seemapuri choked with stinking garbage?

Q.7 Who was Saheb ? What did he scrounge for in the heap of garbage? Did he earn enough to sleep without aching stomach ?

Q.8 What irony was associated with his name ' Saheb-e-Alam? Did he know the meaning of his name?

Q.9 What changes come over Saheb after he starts working at tea stall?

Ans. Saheb is one of the bare footed ragpickers who set out in the morning to scrounge for gold in the heap of garbage in the streets of Seemapuri. Saheb - e - Alam is Saheb's full name that implies the Lord of the universe.  His name gets associated with irony when we find him , the Lord of the universe, scrounging for food in the stinking streets of Seemapuri.  Before migrating to Seemapuri, Delhi, he lives in the green fields of Dhaka. The storm in 1971 devastates their life , forcing them to migrate to Seemapuri.  Although Seemapuri is fully choked with garbage, yet he as well as others live happily and sleep without aching stomach. Ragpicking is the only source of money. It helps every ragpicker meet both ends meet.  Sometimes he is lucky enough to find a rupee note or sometimes even a ten rupee note. He calls garbage gold as from it, he manages to extract food  At the end of the story, he is seen working at a tea stall where gets paid rupees 800 with all his meal. At that point of time, Ahees Jung feels that he may know the meaning of his name' Saheb - e - Alam'.  At tea stall, he has lost his carefree look and the canister he carries over his shoulders seems to be much heavier than his plastic bag.  At the tea stall he is working, he feels that he is not his own master any longer since even the canister he carries belongs to the tea owner and he can not live the life the way he wants.

All the questions revolving around Mukesh have been taken from the lesson " Lost Spring " written by Anees Jung. As for answers to all the questions written below,  they have only one answer that we call a creatively designed answer.

Q.1 How was Mukesh's attitude towards his situation different from that of his family ?

Q. 2 Who was Mukesh ? What was his dream ?

Q.3 Write the character sketch of Mukesh.

Q.4 How was Mukesh ready to break the god given lineage of his family ?

Q.5 How could Mukesh materialize his dream ?

Q.6 On the basis of your reading the lesson, what do you gather about Mukesh ?

Q.7 Mukesh's ambition was as firm as rock. Explain it.

Q.8 Who was Mukesh ? Why did Anees Jung feel that his determination was quite strong ?

Q.9 Dediction, devotion and determination are the factors responsible for success.  Substantiate it with reference to the lines written below.
I want to be a motor mechanic. I will go to garage and learn.

Creatively designed answer

Mukesh was the name that was synonymous with determination. Poverty kills ability to dream when one is poor. But it wasn't so with Mukesh who lived in one of the stinking streets choked with garbage. He hailed from the place where nobody could think of doing something else apart from bangle making job. His attitude was different from that of  his family because he did not let his hopes die. Mukesh had desire to achieve his cherished dream. He was all set to break the god given lineage that his family had been doing for ages. Mukesh did not want his family to live the hellish kind of life. He knew the inconveniences and health hazards of working there. His father and grandfather also lost their eye sight while polishing bangles, which grandmother called their karma. Mukesh wanted to make his destiny on his own. He wanted to bring his family out of that stinking place. There was a kind of spark in his eyes, that expressed that he had set his heart on being a motor mechanic. To achieve it, he was ready to do anything whether it was the job of an office boy or petty work. He seemed to be all set to go to garage however far it might be. It made Anees Jung  believe that his ambition was as firm as rock and if one has devotion, determination and dedication, he can succeed however plightful condition he may be in.

09 February, 2019

From The Diary Of Anne Frank

Q.1 Write the character of Anne Frank.
Q.2 While introducing Anne Frank briefly, tell why Anne wanted to Keep a diary and why she thought that she could confide more in her diary than any other person.
Q.3 Who was Anne Frank? What did she name her diary? Did she treat her diary an insider or outsider?
Q.4 What do you know about Anne Frank? Why did she keep diary?
Q.6 How did Anne Frank feel about her father, grand father, her teachers and others? What do these tell you about her?
Q.7 Anne Frank was matured for age. Explain it.

Ans. Anne Frank possessed a blend of different traits such as optimism, creativity, playfulness, affection and humour. At the beginning of the story, she is just thirteen years old but she looks matured for her age. There are many episodes that make us know more about her nature. She loved her grand mother very much. She had a great respect for her.It made her add an extra candle to her birthday candles. Even after her grandmother's death, she missed her.  She called her father an adorable one. If we talk about her creativity, her writing a diary is enough. Actually she started writing diary because she did not have any true friend she could confide in, although there were many persons around her. She could confide more in her diary than in any other because it helped her to get all kinds of things off her chest. She liked it so much that she named it Kitty. She was talkative too. Because of her nature to talk a lot, she was usually scolded by Mr. Keising whom she did not like at all.

07 February, 2019

A beautiful poem 'Banks and their Attitude' by Pradeep Singh

                Banks and their Attitude

Bounty of banks has recalled me Ogden  Nash and his style of business poetry

Even those days for loan  there was no surety however troublesome the situation may be in poverty       

Time has changed and so have people but what has not changed is bank's attitude towards poor people

A farmer' arrival at any bank  for loan forces him to be back ,  but for business  flamboyant they put all the norms back

The needy are always in the need and the well off are for any big loan free indeed

For the poor even after thousands of visits at bank there is no welcome where as the same welcome is there for their welcome

The more careless the banks are for the brand
The harder they are towards the poor
Play with them pranks

 Sometimes bankers hear the anguished voice of the poor mistakenly but when the latter fail to reimburse to banks they give them insulting  treatment honestly

 But When kingfisher flies with a handsome loan on flouted norms banks have nothing to do except to curse those flouted norms  And sitting silently at home  Moving and filing at court.

To be continued